Impact Area Review Team

River River Drops of rain on a leaf

Impact Area Review Team
Bourne Best Western
Bourne, MA
September 25, 2001
6:00 p.m. – 9:30 p.m.

Meeting Summary





Ben Gregson



LTC David Cunha

HQ Camp Edwards


Jane Dolan



Todd Borci



Bill Walsh-Rogalski



Ellie Grillo



Len Pinaud



Marty Aker



Tom Cambareri

Cape Cod Commission


Jim Stahl



Janet Pepin

Teaticket resident

Evelyn P. Hayes

Yarmouthport resident


Ray D. Taylor



Joel Feigenbaum



Richard Hugus

Falmouth resident







Jim Murphy








Pamela Bonin



Tina Dolen



Millie Garcia-Surette



M. Danni




Mary Sanderson



Michael Jasinski



Justin Mierz



Henry Byers



Jan Larkin




COL Albert Bleakley




Rob Clemens



Tom Fogg

IT Corp



Dave Egan

IT Corp


Robert Paine




Rick Carr


David Cobb



Doug Larson



Doug Shattuck

Directional Technologies


Virginia Valiela

Falmouth Selectman



Dick Judge

Sandwich resident


Bruce Macintire




Lori Boghdan



Kathy Driscoll


Mary Meli



Deirdre DeBaggis



Handouts Distributed at Meeting

  1. September 25, 2001 Draft Meeting Agenda
  2. August 28, 2001 Draft Action Items
  3. August 28, 2001 Draft Meeting Minutes
  4. July 24, 2001 Final Meeting Minutes
  5. Presentation handout: Munitions Survey Project Review
  6. Presentation handout: Impact Area Decision Criteria Matrix
  7. Presentation handout: IAGWSP Investigation Update
  8. Groundwater Study Update – IART Briefing 9/25/01
  9. Letter to IART members re: Emissions Testing M-16 Ammo
  10. Letter to Mr. David Dow re: Potential sources of antimony and vanadium detected in Phase IIb Investigation
  11. Characterization of Explosives Contamination at Military Firing Ranges
  12. Chemical structure of explosives
  13. IAGWSP validated results for Cleared Area 1
  14. Map: Extent of RDX Contamination Demo 1 Groundwater Operable Unit – data received through 8/10/01
  15. Screening Values and Standards for Detected Compounds in Soil
  16. Fact Sheet: Impact Area Groundwater Study Program

Agenda Item #1. Welcome, Approval of August 28, 2001 Meeting Minutes, Review Draft Agenda

Mr. Murphy convened the meeting at 6:06 p.m. and welcomed the attendees. He asked the team members and audience members to participate in a moment of silence to honor the victims from the September 11, 2001 attack.

Mr. Murphy reported that Mr. Judge’s membership on the Impact Area Review Team (IART) is still pending, and that he (Mr. Murphy) will soon speak with the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regional administrator regarding this matter.

Mr. Murphy briefly reviewed the team’s groundrules, which include limiting questions during presentations, adhering to the agenda, being mindful of time exceedances, using placards to indicate desire to speak, and avoiding personal attacks.

Ms. Hayes thanked Mr. Murphy for reviewing the groundrules, and said that she believes that a professional meeting should start and end on time.

Mr. Murphy asked if there were any comments on the August 28, 2001 meeting minutes. Ms. Hayes said that she asked a salient question regarding the cost and length of the investigations update at the last meeting and hoped to see it reflected in the minutes.

Mr. Gregson referred to the third paragraph on page 5 and said that the statement refers to the latter standard, but should refer to the former standard, which is the uniform treatment standard. He then referred to the second paragraph on page 6 and noted that the Gulf Range should be the Golf Range. He also referred to page 13 under the contained detonation chamber topic and said that 1700 items have been destroyed, not 17,000.

Mr. Murphy asked if there were any additional comments on the minutes. Hearing none the minutes were approved with the changes. He then briefly reviewed the proposed agenda.

Agenda Item #2. Review Action Items

  1. The Guard will provide the team with a copy of validated results concerning Cleared Area 1 in the Phase IIb Report.
  2. Mr. Murphy stated that a handout is available at the back table.

  3. The Guard will provide the "Fate and Transport" laboratory study report (due this month) to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) representatives involved with the IART.
  4. Mr. Gregson stated that this report will not be available until November, but that he will keep the team updated on its status.

  5. At the next IART meeting the Guard will provide a water level survey overlay on the Central Impact Area Aerial Magnetometry data map.
  6. Mr. Gregson reported that AMEC currently is working on this project.

  7. Ms. Pepin requests that general handout maps be updated.
  8. Mr. Gregson said that he believes that maps are being updated.

  9. The Guard will provide the team with a copy of the Army Environmental Center (AEC) Report.

Mr. Murphy reported that the report was mailed to team members on September 18, 2001, and that a copy is also available at the back table.

Mr. Hugus referred to the document entitled "Characterization of Explosives Contamination at Military Firing Ranges," which was distributed to team members. He said that while the document bears the logo of the United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), it was actually written by Jenkins and others. He stated that the introduction of the document reads, "An ongoing investigation at the Massachusetts Military Reservation (MMR) has indicated that the underlying groundwater aquifer below this site is contaminated with low concentrations of Royal Demolition Explosive (RDX). The source of this RDX is uncertain, but it may be related to activities on Massachusetts Military Reservation impact ranges." He noted that the document is dated July 2001, and stated that he believes that a correction should be made to the statement. He asked that this issue be discussed further under "Other Issues."

Ms. Hayes noted that she did not receive a copy of the letter to Mr. Dave Mason regarding the Snake Pond posting. Mr. Murphy stated that a copy of the letter will be distributed to her.

Dr. Feigenbaum referred to the letter regarding small arms and M-16 firing, which was included in the IART mailing. He asked if it was part of an official report. Mr. Gregson replied that the letter consists of different parts of the study that was conducted by the AEC. Dr. Feigenbaum said that he was under the impression that the study would be relevant to the small arms studies. Mr. Gregson said that the report is relevant and includes air emissions results from green ammo rounds. Dr. Feigenbaum stated that the cartridge for the green ammo projectile has not changed, and noted that he was not able to find test results from the cartridge in the body of the letter. Mr. Gregson referred to Table 3, which depicts the compounds that were detected as part of the investigation. Dr. Feigenbaum pointed out that Table 3 does not indicate that explosive and propellant compounds were detected. He added that he is skeptical about the report.

Mr. Hugus requested updates on any correspondence with Governor Swift, and on the small arms ranges. Mr. Murphy added these two items under "Other Issues."

Agenda Item #3. Munitions Survey Project Update

CPT Myer explained that the Munitions Survey Project (MSP) will assist the groundwater study program, and will ultimately be utilized in developing and selecting remedial alternatives to address unexploded ordnance (UXO) for the ongoing soil and groundwater investigations.

CPT Myer displayed a graphic depicting the project timeline. He stated that the initial investigation of priority sites was conducted from June 2000 through October 2000. He said that the current investigation began in July 2001 and will run through December 2001.

CPT Myer then displayed a slide listing the various geophysical technologies that have been utilized throughout the project. He demonstrated how a schonstedt works, and explained that a schonstedt is a handheld magnetometer used for field verification of buried metallic objects. He said that other technologies being employed include cesium vapor magnetometry, an aerial magnetometer, and a CHEMS, which is a towed array magnetometer.

CPT Myer stated that the initial investigation areas consisted of 17 areas that include gun and mortar positions, Demolition Area 1, selected water bodies, the slit trench, the J Ranges, and aerial magnetometer areas.

CPT Myer referred to the gun and mortar positions and explained that excavation was done to identify the metallic anomalies. He reported that no munition caches were found at gun position 10 (GP-10) or GP-11. Additional investigation is required at GP-12. He said that eight gun positions and nine mortar positions were surveyed with the geophysical survey. Ninety-four anomalies that exceeded 45 millivolts, which is the threshold value, were identified at GP-10. Ninety-five anomalies were identified at GP-11. He explained that most of the items found were fuse clips and projectile lift rings.

CPT Myer stated that 1700 anomalies were identified at Demo Area 1. Excavation work was conducted and there was evidence of six burn pits. He explained that expended munitions were found at the burn pits: 20-millimeter and 30-millimeter casings. Soil samples were taken at the burn pits and analysis will be forthcoming. He stated that a plan to address the anomalies currently is in development.

CPT Myer reported that the five ponds investigated on the MMR are Bailey’s Pond, Donnelly Pond, Deep Bottom Pond, Gibbs Pond, and Grassy Pond. He explained that geophysical surveys were conducted on the water bodies using first a schonstedt, which was followed by the EM-61. Among the objects identified were some small arms, flares, and smoke canisters. Visual verification was conducted at Bailey’s Pond and Donnelley Pond and 630 blank rounds for 5.56 millimeter, eight trip flares, two unused slat flares, as well as a couple of other types of flares were identified. CPT Myer noted that these items have been moved to a safe holding area. He stated that recommendations to address the water bodies include the validation and excavation of the anomalies. He added that additional water bodies are being considered for investigation.

CPT Myer explained that the slit trench is a suspect disposal site in the Central Impact Area. He reported that no UXO was identified at the slit trench and 22 anomalies were identified and excavated. The anomalies consisted mostly of car parts. However, soil samples were collected because crushed 105-millimeter casings also were discovered. Future action on this site will be determined based on the soil sample result information.

CPT Myer stated that the southeast corner of the ranges also were part of the initial investigation, which includes the J Range. He reported that two Volkswagens and an M-48 tank, which is a Korean War vintage tank, were excavated from the area. Four caches of inert munitions also were excavated from the southeast corner. CPT Myer explained that the caches were identified during construction support activities for the installation of monitoring wells. The first cache, 1100 mortar rounds, was discovered in 1997 at the J-1 Range. A second cache was discovered at the J-1 Range during the summer of 2000 – again during well installation construction. He added that two caches also were found at the J-2 Range that same summer. CPT Myer stated that the Guard is recommending excavation at the J Ranges.

CPT Myer stated that the following five areas were surveyed during the aerial magnetometry survey: Area 1, which is the U Range and consists of 130 acres, Area 2, which is the B-9 training area and consists of 255 acres; Area 3, which is the J Ranges and consists of 780 acres; Area 4, which is the southern training area and consists of 1650 acres; and Area 5, which is the Central Impact Area and consists of 2200 acres.

CPT Myer stated that 259 anomalies were identified in the U Range. Ten anomalies were verified visually; however, none were excavated. Four of the anomalies were munitions-related and included 3.5-inch rockets in a berm at the edge of the U Range, 40-millimeter grenades, and lots of caliber rounds.

CPT Myer reported that lead, loss of caliber rounds, 40-millimeter grenades, and 3.5-inch rockets were identified at the small arms range. He noted that the aerial magnetometry survey identified ordnance that was not found during the ground reconnaissance work.

Ms. Pepin asked whether the items found were blown in place or removed. CPT Myer replied that the items were left in place while additional work is ongoing.

CPT Myer reported that 2575 anomalies were identified in Area 2. Twenty-five anomalies were visually verified, though excavation was not conducted. Among the anomalies was scrape metal, which is not UXO related. However, surface UXO, consisting of small arms lead, 90-millimeter rounds, 37-millimeter rounds, and 57-millimeter rounds was detected at the anti tank range. He reported that nothing was detected in two areas where anomalies were identified. Ten items were geologic material that either had ferrous properties or had a magnetic signature to it.

CPT Myer stated that a total of 3567 anomalies were identified at Area 3, 42 of which were visually verified. Of the 42, 12 were non-munitions related, and one was a munitions-related anomaly, which is located on a ridge south of the J-3 Range and appears to be a historical firing berm. He noted that there were 29 areas where nothing was found either on the surface or by using the schonstedt.

CPT Myer reported that 6044 anomalies were detected in Area 4. Ninety-seven of the anomalies were visually verified and five anomalies were excavated. There were 34 areas where nothing was found and 12 areas where magnetic rocks were detected.

Mr. Hugus commented that it appears that 20% to 30% of the readings in the aerial magnetometry are false readings. CPT Myer replied that one explanation could be buried magnetic rock. Mr. Borci explained that the survey was not a statistically-based survey, but was intended to be a means to gather information so that the evaluation process of the thousands of anomalies could commence. He noted that areas were selected based on archive search report interview information. Mr. Borci also said that the schonstedt does have limitations, which is why digital equipment is used whenever possible. He reported that EPA is meeting with the Guard tomorrow to discuss possible next steps to address the anomalies.

CPT Myer reported that a total of 4667 anomalies were detected in the Central Impact Area; 76 were visually verified, and four were excavated. He noted that a lot of scrap metal was found in the Central Impact Area. Four munitions-related items were found; two 155-millimeter liter rounds, and scar rockets. He also noted that one 105-millimeter projectile, a 55-gallon drum, a metal plate, and an angle iron were among the items excavated.

CPT Myer stated that current tasks include continuing UXO surface clearance and continuing geophysical investigation work at selected areas. He noted that brief letter reports will be issued on each task to help integrate MSP data with the groundwater investigation effort.

CPT Myer reported that surface clearance is ongoing at the former A Range in preparation for the geophysical survey. He said that some open detonations have taken place in the area in an attempt to clear surface debris. AMEC already has installed some monitoring wells and has collected soil samples in the area. CPT Myer also reported that geophysical work is complete at the former K Range. He stated that the Guard currently is in the preliminary stages of data evaluation.

CPT Myer reported that some geophysical work has taken place at the ammunition supply point (ASP). He said that an interviewee from the archive search report identified areas where ammunition might be buried. He said that the Guard is recommending additional geophysical work at the ASP.

CPT Myer stated that Demo Area 2 is being prepared for ground based geophysics to evaluate the area for UXO, buried caches, or burial pits. He added that a letter report will be drafted for Succonsett Pond.

CPT Myer stated that the MSP has enabled the Impact Area Groundwater Study Program (IAGWSP) Office to identify small areas for detailed study. The MSP actually has helped to reduce the footprint of the areas where detailed investigations are required. It also helps in prioritizing locations for future study. CPT Myer explained that the MSP encourages the efficient use of investigation resources as it integrates the UXO investigation work with the soil and groundwater work.

CPT Myer reported that future steps include the release of the final MSP report, which is pending comments from EPA and the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (DEP). Also, the future steps regarding the aerial magnetometry effort will be presented to EPA and DEP for comment; this will occur at tomorrow’s meeting. Letter reports will be issued and additional sites for investigation will be identified. He added that additional work will also take place at existing sites.

Mr. Borci stated that the draft MSP will be provided to team members in CD-ROM form. Ms Pepin requested a hard copy of the report.

Mr. Hugus said that the J Range report contained a map that depicted one long straight road in the J Range with dots on both sides of it representing munitions. He asked CPT Myer if he had a copy of the graphic. CPT Myer replied that he did not. Mr. Hugus said that he found the graphic to be useful in understanding where munitions were found. He noted that it does not contain useless information such as where metal debris and car parts were found. He requested that the team be provided with pertinent information. Mr. Borci said that he thinks the team could be provided with a copy of the graphic. He pointed out that over the coming months the real munitions survey work will begin and hundreds of munitions probably will be identified and excavated.

Ms. Dolan pointed out that the CD-ROM, which the team members will be receiving, contains graphics and maps that Mr. Hugus may find useful.

Mr. Judge asked what the caches were comprised of. CPT Myer said that he did not have the specifics with him tonight, but would be happy to provide Mr. Judge with that information.

Mr. Judge stated that he is concerned about the Good News Bog and its proximity to some anomalies. He asked if the aerial magnetometry survey covered that area. CPT Myer replied that it did not, but that a schonstedt was utilized and nothing but survey pins were detected. Ms. Dolan said that the USACE is preparing a workplan that includes the former H Range, and will address the area in question.

Mr. Hugus referred to the high explosive (HE) round that was found on Camp Good News and said that he noticed that the Town of Sandwich was not notified about the round because it was considered to be in an exclusion zone. Ms. Dolen, of the IAGWSP Office noted that Sandwich Officials; Mr. Ron Larkin, Mr. Judge, and others, were contacted.

Mr. Hugus asked what is meant by the "exclusion zone." Ms. Dolen explained that the exclusion zone is a 500-foot buffer zone. When a UXO is found, a radius of where fragments might have flown is determined; that radius is tripled to ensure that the area is substantially safe. She said that if the radius touches anywhere in the exclusion zone, the notification protocol is then triggered. Mr. Hugus asked if an informal protocol was implemented in this case. Ms. Dolen replied that it was. Mr. Hugus pointed out that the area in question is actually part of the Town of Sandwich. Ms. Dolen stated that the exclusion zone is clearly demarcated and has been agreed upon by the Town of Sandwich and the IAGWSP.

Mr. Cambareri referred to the AEC report and the lack of findings concerning pyrotechnic compounds in the soil in the small arms range testing. He commented that the AEC report seems to be concerned about the fate and transport dispersion of air contaminants and the lack of detections of explosive compounds compared to detections of pyrotechnic compounds in the soil of the MMR small arms range testing. He said that he is interested in how the protocol was set up for the energetic materials, the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and semi-volatile compounds (SVOCs), and the particulate matter. He asked whether the particulates from the quartz filter were sampled for energetic compounds. Mr. Gregson said that he will find out and report back to the team on this matter.

Agenda Item #4. Using the Decision Criteria Matrix to Assess Remedial Alternatives

Ms. Dolen explained that alternatives aimed at addressing areas of concern associated with the Impact Area will be rigorously examined soon, and members of the public, as well as IART members, will be included in the analysis. She stated that a Decision Criteria Matrix (DCM) will serve as a sophisticated checklist as it weighs the pros and cons of each alternative. She explained that the site-specific DCM was created at MMR in 1996 by the Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence (AFCEE) and implemented by the Installation Restoration Program (IRP) in its plume cleanup program.

Ms. Dolen explained that the DCM process begins with the proposed alternatives. She pointed out that alternatives for Demo Area 1 soon will be available following the delivery of the draft feasibility study next week. The agencies and IART members will then weigh the alternatives against the decision-making criteria. She explained that the DCM shows, in graphic form, how each alternative ranks according to the various criteria, and it is in this forum that the alternatives are presented to the public for comment. Ms. Dolen stated that a final decision will be made based on public input, as well as input from the agencies, professionals, technicians, and engineers.

Ms. Dolen explained that the DCM is driven by three guiding principles, which she phrased as questions: "does the alternative meet the basic cleanup requirement?" "How well does the alternative work?" "Is the alternative acceptable to agency groups and the public." She pointed out that the DCM serves two functions; one is to evaluate and rank the proposed alternatives, and the second is to provide a graphic checklist for the public.

Ms. Dolen displayed a simplified version of what a checklist might look like, and noted that it weighs the pros and cons of each alternative. She explained that the alternatives will first be measured against the threshold criteria, then the primary balancing criteria, and then the acceptance criteria.

Ms. Dolen explained that the threshold criteria grouping is basically a pass/fail test; if an alternative does not meet these criteria, it does not move forward. The threshold criteria are based on the protection of human health and the environment, and compliance with law and regulations.

Ms. Dolen explained that the primary balancing criteria weigh the quantitative and qualitative values of each alternative. Five categories are covered under the primary balancing criteria; long-term effectiveness and permanence; short-term effectiveness; reduction of toxicity, mobility, and volume through treatment; implementability; and cost. The acceptance criteria look at whether the alternative is acceptable to the agencies and the public.

Ms. Dolen stated that the Impact Area DCM is evolving, and the IART will have an opportunity to review it before it is used. She stressed the importance of public comment and noted that it directly influences the final decision.

Ms. Hayes thanked Ms. Dolen and said that she thinks it’s encouraging to know that the public at large will be included among those solicited for comment. She said that she likes the holistic approach.

Ms. Pepin referred to the bullets listed under the primary balancing criteria and said that not one addresses the safety of the technology proposed for remediation. Mr. Walsh-Rogalski explained that the groundwater study is being conducted under the Safe Drinking Water Act (SWDA), and the DCM process was developed under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) program. The final DCM used by the Impact Area program will probably contain all the elements of the IRP DCM, with some additional elements pertinent to the SDWA. He explained that there is added emphasis on the fact that the cleanup involves a sole-source aquifer that is particularly susceptible. He stated that both ecological and human health short-term impacts will be addressed.

Agenda Item #5. Investigations Update

New Detections Update

Mr. Gregson referred to monitoring well 174 (MW-174), which was installed at the target berm for the former B Range, and reported that the well tested nondetect for explosives. He stated that there is an unvalidated detection of RDX at MW-58, which was installed by the IRP for Chemical Spill 19 (CS-19). He reported that MW-40S, in the Central Impact Area, had detections of trinitrotoluene (TNT) and RDX. Mr. Hugus inquired about the concentration levels of the detections. Mr. Gregson replied that he does not have that information with him, but would provide Mr. Hugus with it. He then stated that MW-45S at the L Range also had a detection of RDX, and MW-164M2 in the J-1 Range had a detection of tetryl.

Mr. Gregson stated that he reported recently on a detection of perchlorate at well MW-66S. Mr. Borci pointed out that the perchlorate detection was 1.9 ppb and that EPA is requesting that 1.5 parts per billion (ppb) be used as the level to evaluate perchlorate detections. Mr. Hugus asked whether the Guard has accepted EPA’s guidance. Mr. Gregson replied that the Guard currently is reviewing the letter from EPA. He noted that personnel at the Department of Defense (DoD), the Air Force, and other groups have questions regarding the level proposed by EPA. He reported that the Guard will use the proposed level for the study while DoD and other interested parties work through the issue with EPA and the Guard.

Mr. Gregson reported that perchlorate was detected at three wells in the Central Impact Area. All the detections were below the safe exposure limit, but above the 1.5-ppb limit requested by EPA. He also stated that there is an unvalidated detection of perchloroethylene (PCE) in MW-19S at Demo Area 1.

Dr. Stahl asked whether vinyl chloride was detected in Demo Area 1. Mr. Gregson replied that he is not aware of any vinyl chloride detections. Dr. Stahl asked at what concentration PCE was detected. Mr. Borci replied that he believes PCE was detected between 0.5 and 1 ppb.

Snake Pond Diffusion Sampling Results

Mr. Gregson reported that the first line of diffusion samplers extended across the north cove into the spit area of Snake Pond, which is near MW-171 where there was a detection of RDX. He stated that 22 diffusion samplers were installed, all of which were nondetect for RDX.

Mr. Hugus said that the United States Geological Survey (USGS) modeling indicated that upwelling would occur 200 feet south of the spit. He asked if a diffusion sampler was installed at that location. Mr. Gregson replied that the sampler is located beyond the 200 feet mark, based on the modeling. According to USGS’s understanding of groundwater flow, there is a sharp increase in the slope that intersects the pond bottom.

Dr. Feigenbaum noted that MW-171 had an RDX detection of 4 ppb. He asked at what level the well was screened, and inquired whether it was possible that there was a larger concentration either deeper or shallower. Mr. Gregson replied that the well was profiled and the screen was set within the 4 ppb range, which was approximately 50 feet below the water table.

Mr. Gregson reported that in excess of 100 diffusion samplers were installed last week in an attempt to locate RDX detections near the pond bottom. The samplers will remain in place for approximately four weeks, and results should be available approximately six weeks from now.

Agenda Item #6. Other Issues

Status of Correspondence with Governor Swift

Mr. Walsh-Rogalski stated that EPA has tried to reach the Executive Office of Environmental Affairs (EOEA) for some time, and has finally made contact. He reported that EPA sent EOEA a fact sheet that contained a summary of the small arms range data, and that expressed EPA’s concern about propellant concentration levels.

Mr. Hugus thanked EPA for making the effort, but said that he is discouraged by how difficult it has been to reach the Governor, by the problems concerning the Impact Area study over the last four years, and by the lack of involvement in the Master Plan process.

Ms. Garcia-Surette stated that DEP communicates with EOEA and has been specifically discussing issues regarding the small arms ranges. Regarding the Master Plan process, she stated that the Environmental Performance Standards (EPS) were crafted in such a way that they do not serve as an obstacle to the efforts of the Impact Area Groundwater study project or the IRP.

Mr. Hugus stated that he is not concerned with the EPS, but rather whether Governor Swift was receiving the blunt facts regarding the Guard’s past record on MMR. Ms. Garcia-Surette assured Mr. Hugus that DEP has provided information regarding the technical aspects of the issue in an effort to create better policies. She noted that information regarding the small arms ranges is still forthcoming, and it may be just the beginning of the process, which could warrant further assessment, decision-making, and remediation.

Dr. Feigenbaum asked whether the Governor is aware of the RDX that has been detected in the soil and groundwater. Ms. Garcia-Surette said that the Governor is not making technical decisions. She explained that data established over the past year will help to determine whether there is a correlation between the propellants and the 2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT), especially regarding the small arms ranges. She noted that some areas of the project are further along; for example, there are a lot more data available on Demo Area 1 and the gun and mortar positions than are available on the small arms ranges. She stated that she believes EPA and DEP share the same sentiment that further monitoring is warranted.

Dr. Feigenbaum clarified that he is referring to artillery and mortar firing. Ms. Garcia-Surette said that she believes that the plume is being delineated, which means there is a connection with past activities that would not be acceptable today. Dr. Feigenbaum asked if it is safe to assume that everybody is on the same page concerning the artillery and mortar firing. Ms. Garcia-Surette indicated that that is the case.

Small Arms Ranges

Mr. Hugus suggested that team members be prepared to discuss the AEC report at the next IART meeting. He noted that AMEC has provided a small arms report as an addendum to the Phase IIb report, and it includes a recommendation from the Guard for an "evaluation of the potential impacts to groundwater from the contaminants identified in soil." He also noted, however, that it does not state that the firing should cease until the source of the DNT is identified. He said that he thinks it would be prudent to cease training in order to protect the environment. He also said that the reports, which have been provided by the Guard, indicate that DNT is not coming from the guns. Mr. Hugus further recommended that the AEC report was conducted without any independent review, and he thinks there are problems with the study. He said that he finds it difficult to trust the AEC report when the Army has an interest in continuing training. He recommended that both EPA and the Guard take the DNT detections seriously and not just rely on the AEC report.

Mr. Gregson reported that EPA was involved with the AEC emissions report. He stated that 2,4-DNT was not detected in the air monitoring samples that were collected as part of the small arms range study, which concurs with the AEC report. He reported that the Guard is working with EPA on an additional soil sampling plan to address the detections of 2,4-DNT at the Golf and India Ranges. He noted that the Guard will provide EPA with a workplan concerning this matter by October 19, 2001.

Dr. Stahl asked what kind of residue is left behind on the chamber used to test air emissions. He also suggested that perhaps particles are quite large and fall out of the air and therefore are not tested, which may account for the DNT detections at the ranges.

Dr. Feigenbaum pointed out that 2,4-DNT, or a breakdown product of it, was discovered at currently-used ranges also, not just formerly-used ranges. Mr. Borci stated that 2,4-DNT was detected at the GA/GB Range, which is a former distance rifle range. Dr. Feigenbaum said that the 2,4-DNT has persisted for a long time. He then asked Mr. Borci to comment on the matter. Mr. Borci said that he believes that the Guard recommended no additional work at the GA/GB Ranges, specifically at the firing lines. He noted that it is difficult to define the historic firing lines precisely and EPA has asked the Guard to confirm the accuracy of the firing line sampling. He also mentioned that EPA reserves the right to require additional sampling.

Dr. Feigenbaum requested that the Guard and EPA contact personnel who participated in the AEC report to determine whether additional comments are available. Mr. Borci and Mr. Gregson agreed to do so.

Dr. Feigenbaum said that the Army Environmental Hygiene Agency released a report in the 1986/87 timeframe regarding 105 mortar and M-16s. He suggested that the team members revisit that study in light of the AEC report.

Mr. Walsh-Rogalski asked if the report in its entirety was distributed to the team members. Mr. Gregson replied that he only included data on the types of rounds used specifically at MMR. Dr. Feigenbaum said that he thought 30- or 50-caliber machine guns are used on MMR. COL Bleakley explained that a 50-caliber machine gun is fired on MMR, but it uses plastic ammo. Dr. Feigenbaum said that he is concerned about the propellant and is interested in the data from the AEC report. Mr. Gregson said that he will provide that information to the team.

Mr. Hugus stated that he is waiting to hear about the quantification of DNT in the various cartridges, which Dr. Feigenbaum had requested at a previous IART meeting.

Dr. Feigenbaum asked for a breakdown of the constituents found in both the standard and the green M-16 propellant. Mr. Gregson said that he would provide that information to the team.

Agenda Item #7. Agenda Planning and Review Action Items

Mr. Murphy reviewed the future agenda items and action items.

Future Agenda Items:

  • Snake Pond Diffusion Sampling Results
  • Small Arms Ranges Update
  • HUTA II Scope of Work
  • CS-19 Update
  • Petroleum Like Material (PLM) results
  • Delineated Plume for the J Ranges

Action Items:

  1. The Guard will respond to Mr. Cambareri’s question about quartz filter analysis regarding the AEC report.
  2. Mr. Borci and Mr. Gregson will contact members of EPA and the Army who were involved with the AEC report in an effort to determine whether there is additional information available from the emissions test report, beyond what was sent to the IART.
  3. If available in the AEC report, Mr. Gregson will distribute data from 50 caliber machine guns using plastic ammo.

Status of Action Items

Mr. Cambareri asked if issues concerning the pump test will be discussed at a future meeting. Mr. Gregson said that he will provide Mr. Cambareri with that information directly, as the rest of the team may not be interested in the details.

Mr. Borci reported that the private investigator, who conducted interviews for the archive search report has resumed the interviewing process.

Mr. Murphy announced that the next IART meeting is scheduled for Tuesday, October 23, 2001 at 6:00 p.m. at the American Legion in Sandwich. After some discussion the team members agreed that because of holiday conflicts the November IART would be postponed until December 4, 2001, after which the team will resume its regular meeting schedule.

Agenda Item #8. Adjourn

Mr. Murphy thanked everyone for attending and adjourned the meeting at 9:00 p.m.

Site Map | Related Links | Comments/Contact Us | Search | Home
Administrative Notice